Relic Park of the Opium Wars
The ancient military town of Dinghai
As it is a town where Zhoushan municipal government is located, Dinghai serves as the center of the city’s politics, economy and culture. it is China’s only historical and cultural island town, which boasts a wealth of historical and cultural relics. Such as the crossroad in Baiquan and mounds in Ma’ao (an island culture coexisting with Hemudu Culture), battle site of the Opium Wars, the Three Loyalties Shrine, the Martyrdom Spot of Yao Huaixiang, Military Museum of Zhoushan, and Zhoushan Martyr Cemetery.
The Relic Park of the Opium Wars is a theme park built to commemorate the battles of the Opium Wars in Zhoushan.
On July 5, 1840, the British army bombarded Dinghai, marking the beginning of the Opium Wars. The invaders broke through the defense wall in the follwoing day, but they were encountered with strong resistance. Led by commanders of Ge Yunfei, Wang Xipeng, Zheng Guohong, 5,800 officers and soldiers kept fighting hard against the British invaders for 6 days and all of them died for the country. It is considered as a significant battle in Chinese history of fighting against British invaders.
In 1995, in order to commemorate those who died for country in the battle and to promote the patriotic spirit, the municipal government started to build a theme park on Zhushan Hill, where the battle took place.
With an area of 10 hectares, the park has Opium Wars Memorial of Zhoushan, Three Commanders Memorial Square, Inscriptional Monument, Loyal Heart Pavilion, Three Loyalties Shrine, and Tombs of Resistance Soldiers.
As an ancient town with a long history more than thousand years, Dinghai has preserved many old streets and buildings, such as the Central Street, the East Street, the West Street, Chaishui Lane, Liufang Street, and Zuyin Temple. The temple built in A.D. 940 was regarded as the best Buddhist temple in Zhoushan. Carved with Chinese dragons and phoenixes, the delicate Zuyin Temple was a Buddhist ritual site in old times and also a station for pilgrims heading for Putuo Island.
The Yushu Library, built in the 28th year of the reign of Emperor Kangx of Qing Dynasty, is an exquisite library surrounded by towering trees. Some valuable relics, such as the portrait of Emperor Kangxi and a tablet inscribed by him, are kept in the it.
As a traditional military fortress, in addition to the battle site of the Opium Wars, Dinghai has kept some other historical military relics, including those about fighting against Japanese pirates and about the troops of Ming Dynasty resisting the Qing Dynasty.
Old Building in Dinghai
Xincheng stands between Dinghai and Shenjiamen. As a modern ecological zone on the island, it has about 4.5 km long coastal lines suitable for urban life. It consists of an education zone, a marine culture park, a sports center and a residential area.